The basic treatment consists of deep cleaning to remove tartar that builds up above and below the gum line. This is done by curettage or scraping and smoothing the teeth to remove tartar where germs accumulate.
It’s also common to use mouthwashes with an antimicrobial agent like chlorhexidine to rinse out the mouth.
In some cases, the depth of the periodontal bags and the advanced state of the disease means that periodontal surgery has to be performed.
In cases where surgery is required, it may be advisable to perform a bone or tissue graft to replace the bone or tissue that has been lost as a result of the periodontal disease.
From then onwards, the most important thing is to carry out maintenance and monitoring in subsequent visits to the dentist. These monitoring treatments are done every 3-6 months depending on each patient.